HIST S-1280 What Is Europe? Politics, Power, and Peace, 1700-2018
Today, Europe is a flashpoint for a number of crises, notably Brexit, the Russian dispute with Ukraine, the influx of refugees, and the rise of populism, ultra-nationalism, and xenophobia. How did it reach that situation? And what, for that matter, is Europe? This course answers these questions through a political history of Europe that is wide both in space (including the Balkans and Russia) and in time (as far back as the eighteenth century). In order to better understand its intellectual foundations, we examine works by Herodotus, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Victor Hugo, Woodrow Wilson, Winston Churchill, Robert Schuman, Margaret Thatcher, and Jürgen Habermas, among others. Through this course, students of history, government, international relations, political science, European studies and related fields find a deep, interdisciplinary approach to European history over the longue durée, in order to better understand its present and to forecast its future.